Lecture 2: Digital Self

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30 thoughts on “Lecture 2: Digital Self

  1. Odnosząc się to tematu wykładu pt: „Digital Self” chciałbym poszerzyć jego treść o własne obserwacje i przemyślenia. Otóż wprowadziłbym do treści wykładu pojęcie „ery smartphone” i umiejscowiłbym ją gdzieś na 5-6 lat wstecz, aż do teraz. Według mnie to niewielkie prostokątne urządzenie z dotykowym ekranem, rozbudowanym software i szeregiem gadżetów (mi. aparat, GPS , akcelerometr) zmieniło nieodwracalnie sposób korzystania z Internetu. Stał się on dla nas nieodłącznym elementem życia i nie wyobrażamy sobie bez niego codziennego funkcjonowania, wręcz powiedziałbym, że staliśmy się niewolnikami swoich smartphonów. Zauważmy, że gdy tylko rano się obudzimy to sięgamy po nasze telefony, żeby sprawdzić, czy ktoś nie napisał do nas na FB, czy ktoś nie wysłał nam Snapa, czy ktoś znajomy nie dodał nowego zdjęcia na Instagramie. Następnie sprawdzamy skrzynkę mailową, najświeższe wiadomości ze świata i po pewnym czasie dopiero wracamy do realnego życia i widzimy ile czasu straciliśmy nad tym małym urządzeniem. Każdego dnia czynności te powtarzamy dziesiątki razy, nieświadomi ile czasu przez nie tracimy, a tak naprawdę nic one nie wnoszą do naszego życia. To uzależnienie, które dotyka już prawie każdego spośród nas jest tak silne, że nawet, gdy jesteśmy wśród znajomych nie umiemy odłączyć się od świata wirtualnego, tylko wciąż siedzimy z telefonem w ręku, podłączeni do internetu i co chwilę sprawdzamy nasze aplikacje społecznościowe, wymieniając się co jakiś czas kilkoma zdaniami. Lecz mimo to, nowoczesne aplikacje mają również dobre strony jak np. Pokemon Go, które skłoniło użytkowników smartphonów, którzy potrafili spędzać w domu godziny przez ekranami telefonów, do wyjścia z domu w poszukiwaniu nowych pokemonów. Aczkolwiek i w tym przypadku, nie można powiedzieć o samych dobrych stronach aplikacji, gdyż kilkoro użytkowników w pogoni za pokemonem,np. nie zauważyło czerwonego światła na ulicy lub bezprawnie wtargnęło na czyjąś posesję, aby zdobyć pokemona.

    W swoich rozważaniach, może odszedłem od tematu wykładu, lecz chciałbym swoje rozważania jeszcze pogłębić i poruszyć ważny dla mnie temat. Obecnie używanie przez nas naszych smartphonów, jak już wyżej wspomniałem staje się dla nas czasem niebezpieczne, gdyż coraz częściej używamy ich prowadząc samochód. Nie ograniczamy się tylko do samych rozmów telefonicznych, ale często odpisujemy na smsy, wiadomości na FB, oglądamy snapy od znajomych, oraz sami robimy zdjęcia lub krótkie filmiki, żeby pochwalić się gdzie i z jaką prędkością jedziemy. Korzystanie w ten sposób z telefonów staje się coraz powszechniejsze i prowadzi do wielu wypadków. Ku przestrodze polecałbym obejrzeć ten krótki, ale wymowny film, który działa na wyobraźnie i dzięki niemu ja sam przestałem podczas jazdy korzystać ze swojego smartphone. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E9swS1Vl6Ok

    W swoich rozważaniach, może odbiegłem od głównego tematu wykładu, ale według mnie temat, który poruszyłem bardzo się z nim łączy. Gdyż według mnie często dbając o swój Digital Self, który rozumiem jako nasz wirtualny obraz osobowości i bycie popularnym w świecie wirtualnym, zaniedbujemy relacje z bliskimi, marnujemy wiele czasu przeglądając jakieś nieistotnie rzeczy na Internecie, a często ryzykujemy własnym i czyimś życiem nie umiejąc chociaż na chwilę odłączyć się od Internetu.

  2. (1 komentarz )W epizodzie 4 serii 14 South Park facebook ukazany jest jako problem uzależnienia człowieka od swego profilu, gdzie nie osoba lecz wirtualny obraz decyduje o statusie społecznym. Ilość przyjaciół jest wskaźnikiem popularności „A dziewczyna w liście znajomych jest uważana o trzy razy cenniejsza od faceta”. W 2010 roku, kiedy miałam 17 lat – zgodziłam się z tezą częściowo, dziś – nie. Wyobraźmy sobie pitekantropa (homo erektos), który przypadkiem dostał czekan albo młot, no i co z nim zrobi? Albo zacznie na wszyskie strony nim rozmachać (jak małe dziecko), albo zabije zajączka (dla odżywienia), w gorszym przypadku człowieka. Daj siekierę człowiekowi homosapien – pójdzie do lasu, porombię drewno, żeby ogrzeć dom. Daj mi młot – przygotuję kotlet schabowy. To samo jest z internetem, potrzebujemy czasu, okresu oswojenia dla kolejnego postępowania, by przystosować narzędzie wobec własnych potrzeb. Dawno-dawno temu zrobiłam czystkę osób nieznanych z listy ich usunęłam, i komunikuję z trzema grupami ludzi, co znacznie ulatwia załatwieniu spraw codziennych:
    1. Rodzina
    2. Praca, biznes
    3. Edukacja, nauka
    Warto dodać, że jak w ewolucji przyrodniczej zarazem w tehnologicznej – nie bywa gwałtownego skoku cywilizacyjnego. Przedstawimy sobie, że tata nigdy w życiu nie widział somolotu, w ogóle nie przupuściał sobie sutuacji, że człowiek może latać na żelaznych skrzydłach i zupełnie jest nieoczytany, nie słyszał mitu o Ikarze, tu nagle pokazujemy jemu całe lotnisko – szok. Oczewiście to nieprawdopodobna rzeczywistość. Na real jest inaczej: tato używał telefonu i teraz ja używam. Kto ma rodzinę matematyków i księgowych, a jest humanistą – postęp działa w inną stronę. Żartuję.
    Szkoła czy smartfon, kolejne pytanie. Smartfon daje informację ale nie potrafi spotrzeć niuansom, parallele, wymyślić nowe myśli. Wiedza w internecie skondensowana. Jak pokazuje własna percepcja, człowiek, który uczy się z komputera nigdzy nie potrafi sformulować własnej opinii, jak papuga bedzię powtarzał nabór informacji i przyjmować za prawdę absolutną albo zgadzać, albo nie. „Nie wierzcie wszystkiemu co piszą w internecie” cytat Einsteina. Polecam opowiadania do przeczytania pod tytułem „Fach” Isaaka Asimowa. W swej naukowej fantastyce opisuje jak ludziom w przyszłości zupełnie nie trzeba robić żadnych wysiłków , żeby nauczyć się alfabetu. Wstawiają do głowy mu czip, i za chwilę zna go. Tak samo jest z wybórem profesji, po chwili jesteś absolwentem SEW ze bigłą znajomością chorwackiego. Głównemu bohaterowi utworu odmówili w nadaniu takiej usługi, ponieważ za dużo stawiał pytań, nie zgadzał się z wieloma poglądami i krytykowal na lewo na prawo poniekąd głupio. Jego biorą w grupę tradycyjną, dla długiej „szkolnej” nauki, żeby w przyszłości mieć szansę być kreatorem czipów. Spójrzcie na siebie. Czy na seminarium odtwarzacie własne myśli czy krytyki napisane w internecie? Oczywiście nie, mam nadzieję.
    (2 komentarz)
    Generalnie się zgadzam ze schematem External Dimension. Jednak mam do niego niektóre uwagi. Myślę, że zarówno jak „my friends” czy „my cookies” na formowanie „digital self” ma wpływ treść grup oraz polubionych stron. Swoją pozycję chciałąbym argumentować konkretnym przykładem. Proszę sobie wyobrazić przeciętnego użytkownika sieci Facebook. Osoba ta codziennie, czy bynajmniej regularnie, sprawda aktualności. Co jest ważne – tę aktualności człowiek wybiera sobie sam, ze względu na swoje osobiste preferencję. Zresztą, tym się różni Facebook od telewizji lub innych media. Więc, możemy powiedzieć, że człowiek w takim razie widzi to, co on chce widzić. Wtedy człowiek decyduje o tym, czy będą to prawicowe lub lewicowe strony, TVP czy ukraińskie 1+1. Taki proces jak, na przykład, kryzys migracyjny, będzie przedstawiony z różnych stron, czy nawet mieć inną nazwę. Ponieważ, nie dla wszystkich process ten jest kryzysem, lecz normalnym etapem w hisrorii europejskiej cywilizacji. Ale załóżmy, że z pewnych powodów człowiek zdecydował się na to, by odpisać się od wszystkich grup oraz już nie „lubi” strony medialne. Co z nim będzie się działo? Przypuśćmy, że osoba ta nie ogląda telewizji oraz nie czyta gazet. W takim razie na Facebook`u zostaną mu jedynie grupy z wynnikami sportowymi czy żartami. A polubionymi będa strony podrózujących blogerów czy ulubionego serialu. Jak zmieni się świadomość człowieka w tych nowych warunkach? Po tygodniu nie dowię się żadnych nowych skandalicznych wiadomości o prezydencie, po dwóch przestanie się przejmować gospodarką czy wyborami. Skonczą się debaty w komentarzach i uczucię obecności w życiu politycznym. Z kolei go czego to doprowadzi na jego stronie internetowej w Facebook? Nastąpi koniec re-postów oraz umieszczenia swoich własnych refleksi z powodu tej czy innej wypowiedzi pani premier. Jaki wniosek można z tego wyciągnąć? Według mnie, człowiek stwarza swój Digital self sam. Oczywiście, truno jest absrahować się od wszystkich wpływów medialnych czy internetowych. Ale taka możliwość wciąż zostaje. Wieć, z pańskim slajdem się zgadzam, ale proponuję dopisać do niego „grupy na Facebook`u” oraz odrębny czynnik – „własna decyzja”. Uważam, że porównanie strony internetowej z antropologią ma sens. Dlatego, że człowiek uzupełnia swoją stronę w taki sposób, w jaki on tego chce. Bardziej otwarta osoba umieści na stronie swój numer telefonu czy powiązanie z innymi programami – takimi jak Skype etc. Podobno zresztą jest ze zdjęciami. Jednak, trzeba uważać, że internet nie zawsze pokazuje prawdziwą naturę ludzi. Dowodem tego jest to, że na przykład, często zamknięci w sobie ludzi wystawiają dużo zdjęć, przy tym unikają rozmów z ludzmi na ulicy etc. Co dotyczy indywidulizmu, to on wyraża się na zdjęciach w tle profilu. I tutaj generalnie użytkownik Facebook może pokazać coś, by wybić się z ogólu ludzi. Coraz częściej w przestrzeni internetowej, zwłaszcza w sieciach społecznościowych, można spotkać zjawiska, którymi są fejkowe strony. Ludzi stwarzają profili wykorzystywując wymyślone bądź nie swoje imię. To niby dodaje pewności, pozwala pisać śmiałe komentarzy, poznać nowy ludzi etc. Czy ma to w sobie jakieś zagrożenie? Tak, ale nie dla wszystkich. Jedni pozostawia stworzony fejk za parę dni. Drudzy bowiem zaczną żyć życiem wymyślonego człowieka. Na pewno, żaden z nas nie wyobraża swego zwykłego poranka bez komórki czy tableta. Kiedy tylko otworzymy oczy, zaczynamy sprawdzać wiadomości na portalach społecznościowych, oceniać zdjęcia kolegów w instagram, sprawdzać mail. Iść łeb w łeb z postępem technologicznym to jest dobrze. Warto jednak rozumieć, gdzie kończy się norma i zaczyna się uzależnienie – kiedy gadżet zamienia człowiekowi tradyjcną komunikację, odbiera czas na naukę i rozwagi. Oczywiście, we współczesnym świecie obejść się bez urządzeń, pozwalających wejść do internetu, bardzo trudno. Jednak trzeba uważać by świat realny nie został pochłonęły przez świat wirtualny.

  3. Esej: Rzeczywistość mediów społecznościowych – czy „digital self” ma cokolwiek wspólnego z tożsamością?

    Internet jest niezaprzeczalnie istotnym elementem współczesnego świata. Każdy ma bowiem w mniejszym lub większym stopniu styczność z tym narzędziem, bezpośrednio lub pośrednio, świadomie lub nieświadomie. Lwia część naszego ludzkiego życia na tym padole znalazła się w przestrzeni internetowej, w szczególności na portalach społecznościowych i zdaje się, że proces ten trwa nadal – kolejne, czasem niespodziewane aspekty życia znajdują odzwierciedlenie w wirtualnej rzeczywistości.
    Miliony użytkowników dziennie spędzają niezliczone godziny na portalach społecznościowych. Ktoś komentuje wpis znajomego, ktoś inny ogląda krótki film albo słucha muzyki, czatuje, publikuje zdjęcia na Facebooku. Media społecznościowe umożliwiają kontakt z ludźmi z całego świata, jedyne czego potrzeba to dostęp do sieci. Tylko czy takie interakcje to naprawdę to samo? Idąc do osiedlowego sklepu witamy sąsiada, uśmiechamy się do ekspedientki, zamieniamy parę zdań z przypadkowo spotkanym znajomym. To są osoby, które znamy, widzimy, możemy uścisnąć ich dłonie, stwierdzić, że pani ekspedientka przefarbowała włosy, a sąsiad był dziś w gorszym nastroju niż zwykle. Wchodząc w interakcje przez internet możemy sobie tylko wyobrażać jaka jest rzeczywistość. Nawet gdy rozmówca z czatu przedstawi się nam bardzo szczegółowo to tak naprawdę przecież nie wiemy kim ta osoba jest. Może być to ktokolwiek: autentyczna osoba, ale i równie dobrze ktoś znudzony lub niebezpieczny, kto podszywając się pod fałszywą osobę „trolluje” innych internautów.
    Media społecznościowe to kopalnia fałszywych kont, wyidealizowanych życiorysów i internetowych przyjaciół. Piękne dziewczęta ochoczo zmieniają swoje zdjęcia profilowe, by przyciągnąć uwagę, otrzymać jak najwięcej „polubień”, komplementujących komentarzy. Robią to, by udowodnić sobie i innym, że są ładne i przebojowe, spotykają w sieci mnóstwo mężczyzn, a po krótkiej wymianie zdań na czacie okazuje się zapewne, że w większości są oni młodzi, ustatkowani i nieskazitelni – po prostu tacy, jakich dziewczęta szukały. Może któryś mieszka w pobliskim mieście, a inny na drugim końcu kontynentu – nie szkodzi, przecież internet umożliwia pielęgnowanie znajomości niezależnie od dzielących kilometrów. Co może powstać? Może wywiązać się internetowa przyjaźń, może nawet miłość, może dojdzie do spotkania na żywo. Tylko która z dziewcząt odważy się stawić czoła rzeczywistości i zobaczyć, że być może ten człowiek wygląda inaczej, zachowuje się inaczej, jest kimś innym niż napisał o sobie. Co jeśli przystojny nieznajomy okaże się mieć złe zamiary, a internetowa znajomość – przyjaźń lub nawet miłość – skończy się tragicznie dla dziewczyny lub innych osób?
    Panowie, którzy chcą przyciągnąć uwagę pań oraz zdobyć szacunek i uznanie wśród znajomych – oczywiście tych, których mają „dodanych do grona przyjaciół” – mogą postować zdjęcia z siłowni, pokazać jak duże ciężary podnoszą. Co ambitniejsi mogą zainstalować na swoim smartfonie aplikację, która podsumuje przebiegnięte kilometry, obliczy czas i średnią prędkość biegu. Wystarczy kliknąć „opublikuj”, a całe to zestawienie powędruje w postaci ładnego posta na naszą „ścianę”. Pozostaje tylko czekać na komentarze pełne podziwu i gratulacji.
    Jeśli ktoś pragnie wyrazić swoją kontrowersyjną opinię i zrobi to za pomocą Facebooka to odzew będzie natychmiastowy. Zareagują najpierw znajomi, potem znajomi znajomych, aż w końcu zareaguje zupełnie przypadkowa, obca osoba. Jeśli ktoś chce zwołać grupę ludzi, by razem z nim demonstrowali w jakiejś sprawie – wystarczy utworzyć wydarzenie i pozapraszać znajomych. Dalsza „reakcja łańcuchowa” będzie taka sama jak w przypadku postów. To, co zamieścimy w sieci, zacznie żyć własnym życiem już w momencie publikacji. By przekonać się, jak daleki zasięg potrafią mieć takie inicjatywy, wystarczy poszukać informacji z akcji typu Flashmob.
    Przeglądając Facebooka często widuję zdjęcia z zagranicznych podróży, z udanych imprez, zdjęcie po zdanym egzaminie, obronie pracy magisterskiej, zdjęcie bukietu róż, który znajoma dostała od narzeczonego na romantycznej kolacji. Widuję też zdjęcia znajomych, na których nie przypominają siebie. Wiem przecież jak ci ludzie wyglądają w rzeczywistości, a patrząc na zdjęcie z Facebooka nie jestem w stanie uwierzyć, że to ta sama osoba. Wiem, że znajoma dostała bukiet róż na przeprosiny po zdradzie narzeczonego, a kolega, który był w Egipcie, nie bawił się wcale tak dobrze, bo hotel był brudny, a jedzenie niesmaczne. Natomiast zdjęcia i podpisy pod nimi mówią co innego, przedstawiają inną „rzeczywistość” – taką, która tak naprawdę nie ma wiele wspólnego z prawdą lub wcale nie istnieje.
    Mówi się, że internet i media społecznościowe otwierają nas na świat, ułatwiają komunikację, niosą wiele nowych doświadczeń. Przykre jest jednak to, że w tym wszystkim tkwi jakaś obłuda, zakłamanie, które w rzeczywistym świecie łatwo można by było zweryfikować, natomiast w sieci pozostaje jedynie cień domysłów, wiary i zapewnień przesyłanych na fejsbukowym czacie. Na ile temu zaufamy – zależy tylko od nas samych.

  4. Nowadays, people are totally addicted to cyberspace. Login on facebook gives an superficial image of ourselves, which is available for every member of this social network. Even companies presents us an offer of their products based on our online profile. They can find requirements and needs without direct contact with client. At every step online we are under surveillance, but web is teeming with haters, mostly unpunished for their ominous activity. It is the paradox of the world wide web, which is incomprehensible as much as a genius of creating impeccably functioning cyberspace. Each time you post, tweet, comment and blog, you are adding to your permanent collection of online data. How have you defined your digital identity?
    There is an issue worth your attention, which helps you do it. Binary Tattoo is an domain, which allows us understand how we are represented online. They provide us with the knowledge to have a safe and productive social networking experience. They offers seminars for parents, teachers, business groups and individuals which will show how to use, improve and protect their online identity. It enables to subscribe to our service that will automatically send us quarterly reports on us, or our children’s public identity. Each report includes an overview on the public accounts where we can be found plus instructions on where to find the settings to hide the things we want private. They also offer free materials and blog, where every online user can study.
    It is very important to know a privacy risk in web. Digital identity can be defined as all the online information and data specifically about an individual. Think of your digital identity as a subset of the characteristics that define a person in the real world. It increases a chance to be more safe in cyberspace, but everyone has to be aware of it and conscious. After all we have reason.

  5. I would like to touch on such aspect relating to digital self-identity as anonymity. The virtual reality provides unlimited possibilities for creating a new, anonymous identity. This feature is widely used by the troll houses and troll factories in totalitarian states. For ex. in Russia, thousands of trolls, hiding behind the masks of ‚honest users’, blog about ‚great Putin’ and ‚bad opposition’ to the Kremlin. Recently, all the media holdings had spread the story of Lyudmila Savchuk, who spent several month as a pro-Putin propagandist in Russia’s secret ‚troll factory’. The trolls’ task, reminiscent of the black arts of Soviet disinformation, was to attack any opponent of the Russian authorities, be it dissenting politicians, pro-European Ukrainians or even Barack Obama – who was branded a „monkey” because of his black skin. “We had to say Putin was a fine fellow and a great figure, that Russia’s opponents were bad and Obama was an idiot,” Lyudmila says. The bloggers are kept under tight control – their email is subject to checks and their workplace monitored by CCTV. Failure to reach quotas invokes a fine, as does a poorly scripted post. Ms Savchuk said she and others were asked to sign a non-disclosure agreement. Every medal has its own reverse – troll’s anonymity in fact means a total control by a totalitarian state. Russian troll factories use subtle techniques to discredit Ucraine and the West. Meanwhile, the state officials deny its’ offspring: Dmitry Peskov, Mr Putin’s spokesman, claimed that the Kremlin had no knowledge of Internet Research. „To be honest, we don’t know what this agency is, and there was never any cooperation with it,” he said. „We couldn’t have cooperated with it because we don’t know what this agency is, what it does and whether it exists”. By her own admission, Lyudmila refused to cooperate for ethical reasons, after the liberal politician Boris Nemtsov was murdered in Moscow. But this is just a special case. A multi-million army of trolls continues to do its dirty work – all what we can do is to be aware about the social networks and our anonymous Internet neighbors – just because propaganda never sleeps.

  6. The topic of digital identity is very broad as my colleagues already mentioned various aspects of it, it is also changing rapidly especially in the last few years. The thing I would like to comment on, which is also a topic of public and our in-class debate is the anonymity in internet. Are we really fully anonymous on the web? Is that even possible? And if we are anonymous who are we then? And if we are trying to stay anonymous why do we do so?

    First of all, regardless to what some people think – we are never totally anonymous on the web. Calling ourselves „Flower234” or „Gamer10” etc. may make us unrecognizable to the people who read our posts (let’s say on a forum) but there’s still so much data behind that any specialist could easily find us. There are also other more sophisticated ways of hiding our identity (like hiding our IP amongst others) but our technology is so highly developed that no matter what, specialists are always able to identify us (to a certain amount).

    Second issue regarding our identity whilst trying to stay anonymous is a bit philosophical and I think has to be answered by each individual. When I’m „anonymous” on the web, am I still the same person in real life? Or maybe I am becoming someone else? Do I have a nationality, a gender, any specific beliefs? Who am I speaking for when I’m trying to hide myself? I think this question cannot be easily answered and there are so many motives of it as there are people who do it.

    Lastly, the question why people try to stay anonymous on the Internet. Taking the topic of our lecture into account I think there are two main reasons for that.
    Firstly, people don’t want to exist in the e-reality under their real names because they are afraid of showing and representing their beliefs. Either because they belong to some minority and minorities have it usually harder to be accepted or understood by the majority or because their beliefs and opinions are repressed by the government/authorities. This can be seen in countries like Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and China (which by the way is another story, because China has its own controlled internet). In both of the cases I undestrand the people’s motifs on why do they try to be anonymous because expressing their thoughts freely with their true identites could cause them a lot of problems in real life.
    Secondly, people are trying to stay anonymous because they write or post things with which they would not like to be connected personally and obviously those „things” usually come with a lot of negativity and hatred. This is the case of the very broad problem on the internet nowadays – the hate. It’s a sad thing that so many people are willing to spit the venom in the internet eventhough they would (probably) not do it in real life. Some people also use their anonymity to troll which sadly is also usually used in a negative context.

    Summing it all up – there are various reasons for which people stay anonymous on the internet and the thing we should be trying to fight is the anonymous hate which never leads to anything good. People should also remember that the anonymity that they think they are hiding behind has a very thin layer and their real identitites can be easily exposed.

  7. I’d like to try to find the answer to the question “Will we need a school in future?” or „What will the future schools be like?”
    If to look throw the world history we can find out a very interesting opinion of Albert Jay Nock. He said that there is nothing more permanent than the temporary. I agree with it. That’s why I think that one day the future schools will differ from the nowadays one. I guess that there will be no need to waste the time seating in the classrooms and listening to the boring lectures. Instead of it future pupils will be getting new skills in practical way and getting all information they need by the internet. There would be no marks, and would be just one teacher that is called Life.
    I can be wrong but it is just my opinion.

  8. In my opinion, the most dangerous thing in the creation of each other (because making satisfactory selfie is a kind of creation that we want others to perceived) is that it revalues ​​life. Now the most important is the visual part of every existence. In addition, the type of products like Instagram, Facebook and of course photoshop (plus a lot of different other applications and programs to modify and improve appearance) make unreal expectations to each other. For example Instagram – at one time teenagers have compared with people from ther environment – class, schools and courtyards. Now you have a chance to compare yourself with people from all over the world who of course depict their creations. Through a lot of complexes are born among young people because it seems to them that it’s all true. On such portals appearance is the most important, but also how our life looks like – because we put the same pictures underscoring that we are awesome and our life is full of prestige. Additionally sense that if you wont take a picture of things that you do, or eat, or shop they are not relevant is just terrifying. Nowadays a lot of people are doing many things, just to show off and emphasise their status, not because they actually have a desire for it.

  9. The Digital self is typical appearance in small town..I could see it in my hometown, at the beginning of local election few years ago, people pursued campaign on forum (local newspaper’s website) and there they were anonymous. Nobody put under the comment name or surname, the comments were about politician in my cities, their families , past etc. it was a few years ago, so people who live in my hometown really believe in words written on this forum. In my opinion it was one of the important element of campaign with small coming back to past, when deletors where between us and nobody known who they are. I can only imagine that in reality the same people who wrote offensively comments – wished good luck to people who starts in local election.
    Here appears advantage of social media, now common is that people comment on FB or Twitter, but we can know their name and surname. Nobody cares about anonymous opinion and it’s better for gullible electorate and politicians who really want to change something in town.

  10. The digital identity we create using social media, is often different from our true self. With our “polished identities” we create an image that is attractive to the outside world. It is a very common consequence that when it comes to a meeting the person with whom we had an excellent conversation via internet, the charms disappears. Those bright blue eyes aren’t that blue after all, skin not so perfect. Not only the difference between the physical characteristics we got to know online, and which are presented during a face-to-face meeting can result in disappointment, but our behaviour can also differ in these two situations. We can easily mask our emotions with the so called “emoticons”. What is more, even if we are not so excited about the idea the other person told us, we can easily create the impression of being very enthusiastic about it. On the other hand, in real life, we might not be able to hide our true opinion so excellently, which might evoke a negative response from the other person.
    Another issue connected to the digital identity is regarding e-mail addresses. A funny or witty expression used in our address might makes us seem to be a fun person to be with, but future employers do not appreciate them as much as our online “friends” do. There are many examples when there is a new job opportunity, and we have to react quickly. The problem appears when we only have a rather non-professional email address, as when creating it, we did not think through the purposes we would use it for in the future. Due to the anonymity the internet offers, we feel more safe to share ideas, which normally would not dare to do. This may also result in expressing thoughts without thinking it through beforehand. We may say that the things we write on the internet, and how we present ourselves is not important, everybody knows it is “just on facebook”. We need to think through though the impact it has on our real life. Regarding the picture inserted in the presentation about being lonely, in my opinion, this phenomenon is quite common, mainly among teenagers. They have great conversations and have a lot of “friends”, are witty and charming on the internet, but the fact that humans are physical entities takes its toll on them. Humans are psychologically coded to crave for physical contact with their environment. Keeping our contacts exclusively on-line makes satisfying this elemental need impossible.

  11. People on the internet feel completely anonymous. The sense of impunity, freedom from norms and social standards, the destruction of a sense of individuality -this is how trolling appeared. This type of person in the network puts on a mask and behaves completely differently than among their friends or family. A troll feels that he is far away from who he is talking to and that’s why we can see the tendency to very aggressive behavior. He is not obliged to respond immediately, he might think of what he wants to write . On the Internet, all the people are equal, there is no authority, so our conversations looks completely different. One very characteristic thing for trolls it is that they must always have the last word in the conversation, even if they are wrong. Eventually, people started to ignore such people like them. Unfortuanately, as long as we feel anonymous in the web, there will always be trolling.

  12. Digital Self..
    When it comes to ‚Selfie’ it is common nowadays and it is classified as a cultural phenomenon. In fact it exposes a very basic human desire – to feel appreciated, noticed or recognised.. And, although the ‘Selfie’ may not always elicit the most desirable type of recognition, receiving just a few likes from our Facebook or Instagram (or any other social media) friends reveals an elementary aspect of human psychology that can actually help drive results. When people are recognized and feel appreciated, they repeat the behavior that was recognized….. So…, they keep taking selfies.🙂. I’ve recently read an article concerning selifes craze and selfie mental disorder. I’ve personally seen this with some of my friends.😉 They might take several selfies over and over again until they find the right on. Picking out details about their looks: skin, noses, eyes, eyebrows, smiles, teeth, hair and so forth, all in an attempt to find the perfect angle to make the perfect picture. Even looking at how most of us choose our profile pictures on Facebook (or Twitter, Instagram, etc.) is a huge process. These acts seem, they build up over time to create great forms of self consciousness and false sense of confidence or ….. mental disorder. Instead of being okay with how we look and who we are no matter what, we strive to find the right photo. The more likes we get on social media sites the happier we are. Frankly speaking I don’t think it is sustainable..

  13. Aleksandra Maksymiuk, an Internet, Social Media and Global Politics course participant pisze:

    I completely agree with Paulina, but I’d like to focus on how selfies can be used to change opinions and build false image. We all are designed to follow and copy, we find other people inspiring and do what they do. Later on we learned that it is actually more pleasant if we look better than other people and we started being more and more creative in building social media profiles. Likes make us happy which for my grandmother is an unthinkable phenomenon. I spent aged explaining what a „like” actually is. It saves time, click on „Like” instead of making the effort of complimenting is way quicker. I realised that for the younger generation (1999 e.g.) one like means significantly less than to us Emotikon smile We associate a „like” with some kind of appreciation of our „uniqueness”, they think of it as of „a quantity” needed and absolutely necessary to stay famous online.

  14. Aleksandra Maksymiuk, an Internet, Social Media and Global Politics course participant pisze:

    I think a „selfie” has always been designed to make people proud of their look and their achievements. Sometimes it allows people to create someone completely new, a new personality which is invisible on a day to day basis, helping in dealing with self-acceptance issues in their minds. This creativity gives many possibilities of using selfie-kind pictures for particular purposes, thus an average-looking facebook profile may be way more influential than we think it really is. The profile we create is not designed to be as true as possible, but rather to depict our own rosy picture we want other people to see. We are able to change it whenever we want, make it more powerful, more influential and persuading. The same mechanism is applied in case of political selfies, where the circumstances, conditions and other, particular elements are carfully elaborated to bring an intentional effect.

    Our facebook profile may be designed to make particular impression and influence other people’s perception of one’s real life. It also seems to be a perfect tool for building political influence.

  15. The question of self identification at Internet is the most kontroversive for me. In 2011 I began to lead his column in Twitter ( https://twitter.com/NatkaChokoladka ). First of all because I wanted to get fresh and qualitative information on people who had common interests with me. But but over time I realized that it is also a good means of communication and providing information to the audience, who followed you. For example, when I bagan works in press servise, I wrote 130 symbols of interesting information and journalists receive my message and create new information actuators. It was an easy and cheap way of communication. But when I has stopped working on this position, journalists continued to associate me with the office where I worked. Of course in such circumstances I might become troll for its former company, but from this experience I realized that I you must be a good expert in your proffesion and and as a result you received the best identify not only off-line, but in on-line air too.

  16. The era of the Internet and online identities gives us a possibility of asking any question we want, without the risk of being embaressed thanks to remaining anynomous, search any information we need, learn anything we wish. What is more, we can do it wherever we are, provided we have Internet connection. If we take into consideration the fact that the technology is still being improved, we can ask ourselves a question: why should we need schools in the future? Actually, in my opinion any e-learning courses wouldn’t replace successfully lessons at school.

  17. Society is currently in a transitioning phase regarding the digital persona. While digital identities certainly currently exist, the mechanisms and tools were created by people who grew up without such things. Thus, their approach to a digital identity is different than those who grew up with the internet at an early age. It remains to be seen how digital identities will evolve, but for now certain observations can be made, both beneficial and detrimental.

    A very important, possibly the most important, aspect of a digital identity is the fact that it transcends the barrier of physical location, allowing the sharing and exchange of ideas across continents and communities. The effects of this are a double edged sword; it allows like-minded individuals to form communities in niche subjects which fosters growth, but simultaneously this can lead to an echo-chamber effect. Such an isolated echo-chamber has the potential to nurture delusions, misinformation, and radical perspectives. A collective hive-mind slowly builds, and this stifles dissenting opinion within the community. As a result, digital communities can end up more isolated and socially „outcast” simply because the ease of meeting like-minded individuals reduces exposure to those with different opinions or hobbies. For example, if I were to find an online liberal community, my exposure to conservative opinions would be significantly reduced. This in turn would result in a bias being formed, and after an extended period of time, my only knowledge of conservative ideas would be radically warped and biased liberal propaganda. Such an effect is detrimental to our growth both as individuals and as a society.

    Another significant part of the digital identity is the relationship to reality. Online digital selves can be both anonymous or not, they allow a person to pretend to be something or someone else. This is currently a heavily debated topic, as many people wish to remain anonymous on the internet, while the handful in positions of authority (such as governments) are doing everything in their power to control and restrict the internet. It is too early to tell how this battle will end up, however the main drawback of anonymity is that its abuse is far more difficult to track and punish. Immoral people take advantage of an anonymous or false digital identity to bully others (such as bullying a young girl on her facebook) or producing and exchanging child pornography. On the other hand, digital anonymity allows the exchange of information without fear of retaliation, which is incredibly important; there exist oppressive governments and organizations that stifle and restrict information and truths from leaking, and without anonymity, people would be unwilling to risk themselves and their families to reveal secrets.

    In association with digital self and reality is the concept of trolling and astroturfing. What was once a silly game by bored early internet adopters has become a massive force of vitriol and confusion, and was somewhat recently revealed to be being adopted by both governments and corporations to shape public opinion. Trolling was once far more rare and more nuanced; if you get identified as a troll, the game was over, so it was an art form to maintain the false discussion. This type of trolling was replaced with modern trolling, which is typing cruel or ignorant phrases in order to manufacture outrage. Trolling in this style gained popularity because the isolated digital communites (that I mentioned above) have forgotten that perspectives outside their own exist, and they have forgotten how to reasonably approach a conversation. Thus, it takes no effort for a troll to manufacture outrage, and then two opposite digital communities verbally fight each other. If this weren’t bad enough, a few years ago it was revealed that both the governments and corporations hire „professional” trolls and marketing experts to exert influence on digital communities. They create accounts on numerous websites, form false identities, and interact with these communities for extended periods of time, and after their digital identity has created a foothold and been accepted as a „normal” person, they proceed to use psychological tricks and strategies for advertising purposes, or in the case of the government to sabotage or control a digital community. This is just their strategies for anonymous communities; if you’re using social media with your real identity to say controversial or unpopular statements, you are a much easier target to track.

    It should be mentioned that in a study done a few years ago, people did not feel more connected with others. I do not remember the details unfortunately, but the paraphrased conclusion was that despite this era of social media, people did not have more meaningful friendships. It would seem the digital self is not yet a replacement for reality, but perhaps in the future that will change.

    Personally, I don’t really have an opinion on much of these issues; they are rather complex to solve and technology and trends are moving so quickly that any solution becomes quickly obsolete. Or perhaps I should say I DO have strong opinions, but it would be very time consuming to properly detail everything, and I don’t want to waste time complaining; I’d rather watch cute kitty videos on youtube! I do think anonymity is vital however; the internet makes finding people much easier than in the past so having your personal details and location out in public is dangerous. Catch the wrong person’s attention and things will go wrong very quickly.

    There are many, many observations and theories that can be made, but ultimately it comes down to this: the internet is a valuable tool, but it was created by humans and is used by humans, the very same humans that are responsible for our entire history, both good and bad. While it is quite different from reality, I do not think the internet can be called a new civilization, at least not in this form. With virtual reality technologies coming to fruition and being released 2015/16, I believe that THOSE are the new frontiers. For now it is just graphical, but in the far future, when the real senses can be perfectly stimulated by the virtual and digital, the presence of a digital self in an internet space will be far more impactful.

  18. For me this statement about schools in the future is quite scary. Ok, nowadays we can get answer to any question in the internet but like my colleagues said school is not the place where we only learn stuff but it is also a place where we have a chance to meet our friends and learn how to live and how to play our role in the society and know the rules of it. It would be hard to all young people to find answers to that type of questions in smartphones, if in the future smartphones will exist. In my opinion schools are needed and they always will be needed. ps i’m a little bit scared that today 1,5 years old kids know how to handle smartphones or tablets.

  19. Many people from the whole world use the Internet – they use chats and other ways to be in touch with other people. But the truth is that people while online want to be original – and they are able to do anything – just to be original – not an ordinary person. A good example for this is when people create funny videos and then add them to Youtube just to share their own „ piece of art”.

  20. I think school is more than just being taught encyclopedic facts. Children are learning how to socialize with other people, how to cooperate, generally how to live in society. Contacts with others are crucial for child healthy and balanced growth. Also it’s important to remember that future will bring new questions – who will answer them if we just assume all answers are already in the Internet and cancel schools?

  21. Answering the question about the need for having schools – school ist not only the place where we can get to know the answers for our questions but also it is the basic place where we can experience a phenomenon that in sociology is called socialization. School, as well as our peer group and media are creating our awareness and help us making our own opinions. People do have to meet another people to function normally in the society – school is the place where we can learn a variety of useful social skills.

  22. It would seem that the era of the online anonymity (and of the lack of responsibility for online activities), which used to be linked with such websites as p2p services, has gone into oblivion. On the one hand, the internet users are more and more aware that their online actions are monitored and that it is quite easy to guess their real identity. On the other hand – these users often become the creators of their own e-identities and their online images (personas). The Internet provides many tools helping in this process: social networks or apps that indicate the users’ social class, their econimic status, or their political outlook. Therefore, online identities become largely deliberate constructs and the internet users show that they have learned how to utilize the assumptions about what they want to be like and what the others want them to be like – they select information about themselves, creating different identities (for example on Facebook, by making lists of friends and sharing particular content with them) oraz they delete the content that does not match their ideal image. Therefore, at the same time the internet is full of possibilites and of danger: such as stealing one’s e-identity. Nevertheless, it could be argued that the internet users are more and more aware of such danger – especially the ones who have grown up in the online era.

    Using specific apps (for example the ones that count calories or the distance travelled), the users are able to overcome their complexes. Oppositely, many online tools which help in creating out e-identities are becoming more and more oppresive – e.g. dating services and apps, where one is able to select potential partners according to their height, weight, body typ, or skin color. The users often seem to be more critical of others online than in reality – maybe it is conditioned by the amount of the forces invested in creating their own e-images.

  23. Everyone who uses social media such as Facebook, Twitter, Youtube creates a digital identity whether it is compatible with their real identity or not. That is why digital identities are somehow the threats because people are not able to determine these digital identities in precise way, so that many of them are not always aware with whom they are actually communicating. The Internet allows people to create new identities, to be more open, confident which is a good thing for shy people who have problems with expressing themselves, speaking in front of the public, communicating with others and for those who simply feel lonely. Thus, it is a solution to the introvert people. However, digital identities provide a lot of threats and are the easiest tools to deceive someone and take advantage of them for example by stealing their identities. The Internet is such huge space that people are not able to check if particular profile is in fact fake account or not. The Internet is not perfect nad faultless, beside fake accounts, there are plenty of not valuable information . Even though the fact that the Internet seems to have answers to all questions, it provides also many wrong answers. That is why schools will be needed in the future but educational programme will need some changes. The Internet can provide useful knowledge but it does not always can teach. As people make mistakes and are sometimes arong or mistaken, the Internet can be also since it is not so perfect as it seems to be. Whether it is all about value of information or digital identifies, users should be conscious when using it.

  24. Internet is a place where everyone can play different role. It’s totally true and normal that we tend to create our online persona, more or less symilar to our real personality. Everybody has their alterego, and acts deifferent depending on situation in real life as well.
    As a user of Tumblr, I can say that this is perfect place to express your alterego. A lot of users say “you don’t know me if you haven’t seen my Tumblr”, that’s why they are sometimes afraid of showing their real selfs, in the Internet you have more freedom. Looking at blogs, you see how people create themselves, carefully adding new posts. There is nothing wrong about leading online life, as long as it’s not taking over your real life.
    Currently we say that young people are “app generation”, using and creating new applications for their smartphones and concentrating their lifes around amount of followers and friends on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram etc. Spending less time on fresh air than anytime earlier. More and more youngsters suffer from depression, eating disorders and attempt suicide more often than anytime before. That’s partly because of the amount of time they spend in front of computer, scrolling down the websites with pictures of models and watching pornography. They grow up faster, and don’t get enough support from adults, who are unaware of black sides of Internet. And the damage in psyche of young person strugling with eating disorder or depression is unbelievably difficult to make up. Pro-ana-mia websites are being baned by some governments, but it’s not stoping girls from supporting each other on their way to so-called perfection. Parents can’t communicate with their kids and think that it’s because of generation-gap, so usual, but none of them consider their kid, to have deep depression and falling into addiction to drugs and alcohol. That’s sad, but I think that if parents scrolled down their kids’ blogs it would change a lot.
    Talking about teenagers, we can’t forget about school, which is getting more and more boring to them. School isn’t enough modern or interesting to them, they find it pointless, since they can google everything they need. It’s important, teachers try to make their classes interesting, so that students really know the reason they study for. In my oppininon school will always be important and should always be obligatory, but should teach more practical skills and creative thinking than now, because at least in Poland we tend to have huge problem with making students learn things by hard and not understanding it at all.

  25. People want to be original in internet . They want to get some self-identity. Why in the internet there are so many many people and it’s normal that everyone wants to stand out against the others. Most of us do not want to be depend on someone else so this is the reason why more and more people are decided to take picture of themselves without asking anyone about it.

  26. Twenty-first century is a century of re-creation our own portrait, but in the Internet on social media websites. Everybody knows what it means when you see a blue letter F (Facebook) or small photo camera (Instagram). We are “the app generation” as we said, so we are digital, because we use heavy clouds on mobile devices to keep huge amount of data and in the meantime we also create us – users of cyperspace as digital selves.
    Most of us have an account on some social networks, where we generate digital information. Saying this, I mean an every single photograph, post, music, document or opinion we share with other digital users. We construct our image freely as we wish. Reality doesn’t prevent of create digital ourselves all over again.
    If people look at your “Likes” or what “Music” you like and what “Sport” are you interesting in, what „Films” have you watched, what kind of mood you are, they receive a sufficient image of you. They also mostly believe that all you click or write is a truth. The fact is we pretend that we are more powerful on Facebook’s profile than in the reality. Especially teenagers, for example they are trying to get more “Likes” under photographs they are posting as it is a competition for being the most famous person on social network.
    It is needed to remember that some of digital self identity are counterfeit. Even worse is that people mostly using they profiles to connect with others. It is quite sad to said that we talk less and post more.
    We are focused on the way we present ourselves in cyberspace. In the online environment as Shanyang Zhao from Temple University says: “as others cannot see who we really are, we are free to claim to be whoever we want to be.”
    In an article, which is called: „The Digital Self: Through the Looking Glass of Telecopresent Others” Shanyang Zhao writes also about self-easteem issue. Young people are shy or they are in process with their behaviors in various relationships. The Internet is an obvious answer to those problems. In cyberspace it is enough to fill some gaps to be more available to other users and it is shorter way to be notice.
    New technologies have provide a lot of joy and a lot of changes to our lives. Before apps and cyberspace exist on these large scale, they was just small part to make actions easier. Right now we are trying to match perfectly actions to apps and appropriate social network’s wall. In the online world people form new images of themselves, but they should remember about being real in offline world, because here we cannot only pretend – everything could be checked.

  27. I don’t know if the search for recognition and for knowledge („other-directed”) is necessarily a negative practice like so many people who thinking we are attention-starved and lonely on the internet. It’s a fairly new tool that we need to adapt our faculties to. We have a new medium where you can go and meet new people from unknown spaces across the globe, and we must adjust to this new, superfast, globalized form of socialization, so developing this sort of social recognition online and an online personality to accompany it seems necessary

  28. I would like to relate to the question that is followed „do we need schools ?”
    I am really worried that today people are thinking about this ! How is that possible ? This question is looking just on one side of the problem. Because of the opportunities children have online , they can study on their own at home . Do you believe this. I don’t believe that using this method of studying will lead to the good results . School its now just about going to the building where you sit , listen and go home . School – is a place where you become socialized, you learn how to behave in society , you learn to be strong , to be a leader , you make friends and understand what it means to be a friend. That is an unforgettable time ! Teachers are the irreplaceable ! They are not just teaching you a specific part of knowledge ! They are showing what is to be moral !
    I strongly disagree with this statement of abolishing schools. !!!!!

  29. Is the possibility to create a “digital persona” on a whim really all that revolutionary? It seems to me that social life in the web does not function all that different from the one in reality. When I am writing on a forum I use different language and act differently than while on Facebook, similarly to how I act differently in the company of my colleagues than when partying with my long time friends. When leaving a comment under a video or a picture I write what I would say if somebody asked me what I thought. When I see people trolling, it really is not that much different from people shouting in public or spraying over posters. When I argue with some other random comment that I bumped on, it does not seem that much different than when I literally bump into somebody on the street and exchange angry remarks about the way we both walk. The difference appears to be the ease with which one can enter any of those interactions, and the appeal of being able to just stop it any time one wants thanks to being anonymous. As much as that can lead to people being more encouraged to be rude or indecent, it is also alluring for those who, for whatever reason, do not, in “real life” have the contact with the community that they are part of on-line (I am not going to speak here about pathologies such as e-mobbing or e-stalking, because they are really not that different in the internet and outside of it, and should be persecuted similarly. Saying that internet makes them easier is stating an obvious fact, because it is, the same as cellphones, or digital cameras). This is not even the case of meeting people in the web before getting to know them in real life, I just don’t see the reason behind stating “social life in the internet is less valuable than REAL social life”. Of course, living only in the web can be taken to extreme and become most certainly unhealthy, but, like I have said, pathologies are pathologies, and I have never seen a believable study of how spending time on-line makes you a social outcast; and, let’s face it, that seems to be a popular view, at least in our society. I have lived almost half my life with the internet, so I admit to taking my own words with a handful of salt (also, to letting my comment become a bit of a rant, unfortunately), but I guess that what I have said is what I prefer to believe in.

  30. The authors of „The App Generation” write about our „e-personalities”, which are polished and not always coherent with our real identity. Couldn’t agree more with that. I see lots of people, mostly my friends, whose electronic „image” is way different than the real one. For example, they are rather lazy and introverted people, but online they happen to be so outgoing, they upload lots of photos, movies; they try to share every single moment of their lives with us.

    I’ve also observed few cases, when electronic identity influenced the real personalities. For example, I have a neighbor, Sebastian Wardęga, who is one of the most popular youtubers in Poland, and possibly worldwide. I’ve known him before he got famous. He used to be kinda shy young man. The internet helped him to become self-concerned and outgoing, which seems to be a change for good.

    To me the construct of digital self indentity isn’t really that new in human history. Well, everyday we wake we think about that clothes to put on, we choose our style and so on. But the Internet has made human relations inhuman actually. As the authors write, in our perfect e-world there is no place for inner contact and self-development. I reckon that’s the major change the „App Generation” brings. I agree with that, but maybe that’s the cost we need to pay to earn other benefits?

    Anyway, it sounds so wrong, isn’t it? Also the authors present kinda pesimistic way of thinking – alienation, chaos, packaged identity and so on. Well, I’m a part of the app generation, but I don’t think it really changed my behavior or attitude. I use net, IM’s as a tool, not a way to present myself. I don’t really need to do that. And I bet, peoples’ behavior, in general, didn’t change way that much. The most basic things, like love, friendship etc. are still there, even if they are represented by dumb emoticons on chat.

    In the end, I can say that the book (even though it was hard to get…I bought it in pdf finally) was really interestend reading. It seems like it’s the first approach to analyse the generation of people who were growing up during the internet boom in last 15, maybe 20 years. I’m much more optimistic than authors though and I reckon being a part of the app generation isn’t that bad. It’s just another step for human history. And anyway, I’d wait like 10 years to draw conclusions about the generation – it also needs broader studies than those done by the authors. Anyway, the book is really convicing and definetely worth reading. I’d suggest it to everyone who are interested in the way internet changes our lives.

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